JOHN F. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER
The John F. Kennedy Space Center stretches over 139,490 acres of land and coexists with the Merritt Island National
Wildlife Refuge. This environmentally unique Federal property includes: 41,000 acres of Canaveral National Seashore managed by the
National Park Service; 1,800 acres of active producing orange groves; and 70,000 acres of estuary designated as a system of national
importance by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, including 35,000 acres of protected wetlands and 35,000 acres of uplands. There are
42 miles of sea coast, 19.3 miles of navigable waterways, 213 miles of roadway, and 40 miles of railroads. Proactive stewardship of this refuge is
an essential aspect of the KSC mission.
In harmony with this unique environment, KSC performs the following roles and missions:
Lead Center for Payload Processing
Agency-Assigned Center of Excellence
Launch and Payload Processing Systems
Space Shuttle Operations
Safety Performance Upgrades
International Space Station
ISS Operations Utilization Capability Development
Payload Processing and Support
Mission Management and Integration
Life Science - Science Research and Technology (SR&T)
Safety and Mission Assurance (S&MA)
Expendable Launch Vehicle Programs
Advanced Programs and Small Business Innovative Research
Advanced Space Transportation
Commercial Technology Program
Agency Support Activities
Lead Center for Occupational Health
NASA Range Safety Interface
Lead Center for Metrology and Calibration
Lead Center for Fluids Management
Expert Center for Workstation Management
Expert Center for Imaging and Optical Character Recognition
Expert Center for Intra-Center Networking
Lead Center for Relocation Services
Lead Center for Drug Free Work Place
Lead Center for NASA Federal Law Enforcement Training Program (Federal Arrest Authority)
Lead Center for Communications Security (COMSEC) Central Office of Record
Lead Center for Security Electronic Key Management System
Focal Point for Agency Benchmarking Initiatives
Equal Opportunity Program
Administration and Human Resources
Applied Technology Development and Technology Commercialization
Safety and Mission Assurance (S&MA)
KSC Laboratories and Testbeds
Process Analysis and Improvement
Information Technology Management
ISO Project Management
The purpose of the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Implementation Plan is to document how we will carry out the NASA and Enterprise
Strategic Plans through implementation planning, execution, and performance evaluation of our assigned tasks. This Plan will convey how
KSC couples the deployment of cross-cutting functions with primary functions in order to effectively execute our approved missions and
assigned activities. This Plan will be carried out through the dedication of the people at KSC. The Plan is a living document and will be
updated appropriately to reflect current and future NASA and Enterprise strategic direction as well as KSC implementation of these strategies.
KSC is the leader in the Agency for launch vehicle processing, and for launch and landing management. KSC's Shuttle Processing
responsibilities include: certification of flight readiness for each mission, direction of NASA managed contracted support, development and
certification of ground systems/facilities, and assessment/acceptance of contractor processing work. KSC is actively involved in efforts to
keep the Shuttle fleet safe, maintainable, and affordable until 2030. These responsibilities include supporting Shuttle upgrades, Checkout
Launch and Control System (CLCS), and other program improvements. KSC provides expendable launch vehicle processing insight, and
launch countdown management for all classes of expendable launch vehicles. Process improvements are identified and implemented through
process analysis, application of new technologies, and technology transfer.
Lead Center for Payload Processing
KSC has been delegated full program management responsibility and authority to lead Agency efforts in Payload Carriers utilization and
payload processing for space launch. In particular, this Center is charged with leading the Agency in a coordinated effort including NASA
Field Centers, industry, academia, and other Government agencies to develop new and innovative payload processing tools and techniques,
and streamline payload processing for the Agency, while maintaining the world-class status of our unique payload processing capabilities,
including experienced personnel and facilities.
AGENCY-ASSIGNED CENTER OF EXCELLENCE
Center of Excellence for Launch and Payload Processing Systems
Since NASA was chartered, KSC has been the preeminent organization world-wide for launch and payload processing systems. The
capabilities of the KSC team for processing and launching space flight vehicles remain unsurpassed. For this reason, KSC is NASA's Center
of Excellence for Launch and Payload Processing Systems. KSC is continually advancing the state of the art in launch and payload processing
hardware, software, and support activities.
Launch and payload processing systems have become increasingly complicated throughout KSC's history. In addition to achieving and
maintaining astounding levels of technical excellence, the launch and payload processing systems must also deliver on schedule and at
reduced cost. KSC has led the way within NASA for its achievements using continual improvement and reengineering methods. All aspects of
launch and payload processing have dramatically and measurably improved.
The industry is demanding faster, better, and cheaper access to space. KSC is meeting that demand with expertise derived from programs
with long term operational phases. The Space Shuttle is NASA's first major program to have a long-term operational phase. All major current
and potential future human space flight programs (International Space Station, X- vehicles, a lunar base, and human space flights to Mars)
also are projected to have lengthy operational phases. Therefore, operations engineering technologies and capabilities are becoming even
more strategically important NASA-wide. KSC's launch and payload processing expertise will be leveraged into new programs so the safest
and best possible operational programs are delivered to the American taxpayers.
KSC is America's gateway to the universe. As depicted on the cover of this Plan, KSC is an integral hub of all NASA's space enterprises.
For NASA's major space programs, the road to space travels through KSC. The following list provides a brief summary of our multiple and
diverse program assignments:
Space Shuttle Operations - KSC is responsible for the processing, launch, landing, and recovery of the Space Shuttle. This
includes providing the critical skills, facilities, equipment, and support functions.
Safety Performance Upgrades - KSC is a lead for key areas of safety and performance upgrades for the Space Shuttle and
payload ground operations. This includes working with design representatives from requirements definition through implementation for
improving ground and flight systems.
Integrated Logistics - KSC is the Technical Manager Representative for Shuttle Integrated Logistics. In this capacity, KSC
ensures cost-effective long-term supportability for the Space Shuttle Program and is a key team member for Shuttle Program upgrades. For the
International Space Station and Payload Programs, KSC is responsible for the logistics support of NASA launch site facilities, systems, and
equipment, as well as other logistics tasks as delegated.
MIR Support - KSC provides ground systems verification support, orbiter, and launch site payload processing services for the MIR program, plans and schedules; and implements payload-to-orbiter processing, testing, and launch vehicle integration.
International Space Station - KSC serves as the International Space Station (ISS) Program's primary agent for the management and integration of the overall ground process for all U. S. launched ISS elements, from manufacture and assembly through verification and launch, and provides technical support to on-orbit operations. In addition, during the assembly and operations phases, KSC performs the processing of the recurring utilization and return/resupply missions to the Space Station.
ISS Operations Utilization Capability Development - KSC is responsible for the design, procurement, and activation/validation of assigned ground support equipment, facility/facility systems, and checkout systems that support assembly flights and return/resupply missions for the ISS.
Payload Processing and Support - KSC is the Program Manager for the Payload Carriers Program. This effort includes managing
the Spacelab Program, Get-Away Special Program, Hitchhiker Program, and the Flight Support System O&M Program. KSC provides payload
carriers, facilities, and services for payload customers to perform their launch site processing. This includes planning, scheduling, and
implementing payload-to-orbiter processing, testing, and launch vehicle integration.
Spacelab Operations - KSC is the Program Manager for the Spacelab Program. In addition, KSC provides for the assembly, test
and checkout, and launch vehicle integration for all Spacelab missions.
Mission Management and Integration - KSC provides for the integration of experiments onto carriers and into the Space Shuttle
orbiter. This effort also includes long-range planning and programmatic coordination between KSC and the Mission Managers/Design
Life Science - Science Research and Technology (SR&T) - KSC provides for the mission management of Life Science
experiments flown on the Space Shuttle and provides the facilities and services to accommodate the launch site processing of the experiments.
This includes managing the bioregenerative research and technology development efforts for Johnson Space Center (JSC), and conducting
integrated testing of candidate biological life support components.
Safety and Mission Assurance (S&MA) - KSC provides S&MA programmatic oversight/insight for launch and landing
processing, Orbiter Modification Down Periods (OMDPs), NASA Expendable Launch Vehicles (ELVs) missions, and at supplier sites. KSC
also provides the program manager leadership for the nonconformance, problem reporting, and corrective action system. This serves as the
focal point for the future expansion and integration of problem reporting databases to aid in risk assessment and prioritization of resources.
Expendable Launch Vehicles Programs - KSC manages all NASA ELV missions at both KSC and Vandenberg Air Force Base
(VAFB). The KSC roles and responsibilities include launch countdown management for all NASA ELV missions, launch site management, and
spacecraft processing. In addition, after FY 1999, KSC will manage Intermediate ELV and Geosynchronous Orbital Earth Satellite (GOES)
launch service contracts, and the eventual consolidation of acquisition and management of all operational launch services consistent with
KSC's launch mission.
Advanced Programs and Small Business Innovative Research - KSC manages and administers program funds which
demonstrate proof of concept for new and applied aerospace technologies necessary to process and launch current and future vehicles.
Advanced Space Transportation - KSC develops and demonstrates proof of concept for new and applied aerospace
technologies necessary to process and launch future vehicles.
Commercial Technology Program - KSC has established several aggressive commercialization programs that successfully
transfer NASA technologies to private industry. Included are Technology Transfer, NASA/Florida Business Incubator, University research,
and Dual Use.
AGENCY SUPPORT ACTIVITIES
Agencywide support activities assigned to KSC reduce duplication of effort, enhance performance and reduce overall operational costs.
These Agency support roles are described in more detail in Section V of this document.
KENNEDY SPACE CENTER CROSS-CUTTING FUNCTIONS
KSC employs cross-cutting functions to enable effective implementation of NASA's objectives. These essential activities are described in
EMPLOYEE AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN RELATIONSHIP
The employee's performance plan will have a direct relationship to the plans outlined in the KSC Implementation Plan. Through this link, each performance plan will be supportive of NASA Strategic Planning. It is important for every employee to understand how his/her efforts support the roles and mission of NASA. This relationship is described in the following figure.
KSC Implementation Plan Home Page
Author: Saul Barton
Curator: Carol Valdes (Carol.Valdesfirstname.lastname@example.org)
Updated: June 10, 1997