NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Home Welcome to the KSC Next Gen Site

It's about routine, affordable, and safe access to and from space...

Space Transportation Systems

Programs & Projects

Reports, Other

  • "-ilities" - Affordability, Reliability, Safety, Maintainability, Operability, Complexity, Sustainability & Responsiveness

  • Data

The Evolving Landscape of 21st Century American Spaceflight (.pdf)


2013/14 Public-Private Partnerships for Space Capability Development [Report .pdf] [Presentation .pdf]

 

2009 Review of Human Space Flight Plans Committee Report

 

The 2008 NASA Cost Estimating Handbook

 

2005 NASA Exploration Systems Architecture Study (ESAS)

 

1994 Commercial Space Transportation Study - Full Text, searchable .pdf, 661 Pages, 42MB (or shorter Executive Summary)

 

Within Reach, Within Us, Video in mpg format 4 MB

Within Reach, Within Us (video)

 

Past Programs

 

 

NASA Kennedy Space Center

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How can we achieve routine, affordable, and safe transportation to and from space? It is the goal of this site to assist in answering that question.

 

Enabling future space transportation systems growth requires improving multiple elements and their processes. This includes the flight vehicle, the spaceport, and the organization. It requires all of these be optimized, together. Customers, developers, designers and operators working from a whole systems perspective, building on the lessons of the past - that is our emphasis in the next generation of designs for access to space.

 

September 24, 2014

NASA's Emerging Space Office (ESO), "The Evolving Landscape of 21st Century American Spaceflight (.pdf)", September 2014

"The next era of space exploration will see governments pushing technological development and the American private sector using these technologies as they expand their economic activities to new worlds. NASA's next objectives for exploration--visits to asteroids and Mars--are more complex than any previous space mission attempted. They will happen in the context of relatively smaller NASA budgets and an expanding commercial space economy. Teaming with private sector partners to develop keystone markets like low Earth orbit (LEO) transportation and technological capabilities like asteroid mining will help NASA achieve its mission goals, help the space economy evolve to embrace new ambitions, and provide large economic returns to the taxpayer through the stimulation and growth of new businesses and 21st century American jobs."

July 30, 2014

[Paper .pdf] [Presentation .pdf] Edgar Zapata, Carey McCleskey, "An Analysis and Review of Measures and Relationships in Space Transportation Affordability," American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Joint Propulsion Conference, July 28-30, 2014

 

June 26, 2014

Nano-launcher Technology

[Paper .pdf] [Presentation .pdf] Edgar Zapata, Carey McCleskey, John Martin, Roger Lepsch, Tosoc Hernani, "Life Cycle Analysis of Dedicated Nano-Launch Technologies," Commercial and Government Responsive Access to Space Technology Exchange (CRASTE), June 23-27, 2014

"Recent technology advancements have enabled the development of small cheap satellites that can perform useful functions in the space environment. Currently, the only low cost option for getting these payloads into orbit is through ride share programs - small satellites awaiting the launch of a larger satellite, and then riding along on the same launcher. As a result, these small satellite customers await primary payload launches and a backlog exists. An alternative option would be dedicated nano-launch systems built and operated to provide more flexible launch services, higher availability, and affordable prices. The potential customer base that would drive requirements or support a business case includes commercial, academia, civil government and defense. Further, NASA technology investments could enable these alternative game changing options."

June 6, 2014

NASA, "Commercial Orbital Transportation Services, A New Era in Spaceflight" (.pdf)

"From 2006 to 2013, under the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program managed by C3PO, NASA acted as an investor and advisor with three different and distinct companies in the space transportation industry to promote the development of U.S. space transportation capabilities on the frontier of human exploration."

 

"Both the SpaceX and Orbital low- Earth orbit transportation systems were developed with a total NASA COTS investment of just $788 million ($500 original funding plus $288 million fiscal year 2011 augmentation)."

 

"The NASA Air Force Cost Model (NAFCOM) estimate for the cost to develop the SpaceX Falcon 9 vehicle, based on the NASA environment and culture, ranged from as low as $443 million to as high as approximately $4 billion. However the final cost for developing and demonstrating the Falcon 9 rocket was only about $400 million—up to 10 times less than projected."

 

"In a June 2009 report, the Government Accountability Office commended C3PO for its responsible use of government monies. Particularly noted was the very small percentage of the program’s budget applied to management and overhead."

June 4, 2014

[Report .pdf] [Presentation .pdf] NASA, "Public Private Partnerships for Space Capability Development, Driving Economic Growth and NASA's Mission," April 2014

"As NASA develops its deep space exploration strategy, identification of options for leveraging private investment and contributing to U.S. economic competitiveness in the process will be critical to establishing a sustainable path."

May 7, 2013

[Paper .pdf] [Presentation .pdf] Edgar Zapata, "New Approaches in Reusable Booster System Life Cycle Cost Modeling," Joint Army Navy NASA Air Force (JANNAF) conference, April 29-May 3, 2013

1990: “Overhead costs were neither visible nor understood, so common practice was to use poorly documented (sometimes proprietary) factors to "burden" the labor estimates. The practice has persisted, even though direct manufacturing labor has nearly disappeared as a cost driver, and overhead has grown to represent more than half the cost of defense systems, and may rise to represent two-thirds of these costs." --"Trends in a Sample of Defense Aircraft Contractors Costs”, James McCullough, Stephen Balut, Institute for Defense Analysis.

 

2011: “About three-quarters of the 84 recommendations in the EELV should-cost review are associated with overhead and indirect costs”. [link]

 

2012 & Prior >