NASA has a long history of sharing
data so that US industry can take advantage of the knowledge gained and
further the NASA mission.
This knowledge has been gained at great cost -
in human lives and resources.
NASA Authorization Act of 2005 states:
AND COORDINATION.In carrying out the
programs of NASA, the Administrator shall (A)
consult and coordinate to the extent appropriate with
other relevant Federal agencies, including through
the National Science and Technology Council; (B) work
closely with the private sector, including by
(i) encouraging the work of entrepreneurs who are
seeking to develop new means to launch satellites,
crew, or cargo; (ii) contracting with the private
sector for crew and cargo services, including to the
International Space Station, to the extent
practicable; (iii) using commercially available
products (including software) and services to the
extent practicable to support all NASA activities;
and (iv) encouraging commercial use and development
of space to the greatest extent practicable; and (C)
involve other nations to the extent appropriate."
"The First Century of Flight: NACA/NASA
Contributions to Aeronautics" (.pdf)-
research projects undertaken by the NACA sought to compile
fundamental aeronautical knowledge applicable to
all flight, rather than working on a specific
type of aircraft design, because that looked
too much like catering to a particular aeronautical
Similarly, the spread of
knowledge about human space flight safety, cost and
reliability encourages industry growth. This furthers a growing, open space
frontier, in the same way that the sharing of wind-tunnel
data encouraged the growth of aviation in the early days of NASA's predecessor, NACA.
"data" is used here almost exclusively with
reference to quantitative, hard-data of the sort that comes from actual
human space flight. One example is the data on the process times or
labor-hours to prepare a Shuttle propulsion sub-system
for launch. Data compilations
that include averages, curve fits, sums or such
distillations, showing the raw data, fit this definition
of "data" as well, adding value to that raw data. The term is
used here in the sense of an output of a tool,
model or simulation. That would become
analysis, studies, insights or
lessons learned about the "=ilities".
Above, Sample Cost Data,
the Shuttle Program circa 2002. Courtesy Jim
Costello, NASA JSC.
Above, Sample Processing
Time Data, the Shuttle VAB
Processing/Integration, a Compilation of Many
Flows. Courtesy Grant Cates, NASA KSC (circa 2000).
The following data is also available at
DATA: A brief analysis exploring the
change in the U.S launcher success record
relative to the rest of the world after the
Shuttle and the Delta II systems are retired. This is a record of
successfully attaining orbit, not spacecraft
reliability once on orbit. The Bayesian
"Probability of Success" or
"p.o.s". is k(lv) +1/n(lv) +2 (see
attached table), so that the risk of a launcher
without much of a track record is accounted for
and a launcher with, say, and 0 and 1 record, is
not given a zero probability of success.
The original data, minus the
graph/sorting, and the subtraction effect/analysis is credited to Ed
Kyle and his Space launch Report and reliability statistics.
DATA: "Developing a Robust,
Adaptable NASA Human Space Flight Strategy Factoring Budgetary and
Technological Uncertainty" or "The Primer" to NASA &
Contractor Costs (October 10, 2009,
Review of the NASA Space Shuttle and Human Space
Flight, Fixed and Variable Space Transportation
DATA: "The Space Shuttle Program Zero Base
Cost Study" (1994) and "An
Analysis of the Projected Manpower Requirements for the Shuttle
Processing Contract" (1988).
NASA Report: "Aerospace Mission Failure
Analysis for NASA Ames Research Center Design for
Safety Initiative" (.pdf), September
DATA: Launch Vehicles
Historical Failure Rate Data (.xls).
DATA: The Shuttle Root Cause Analysis.
DATA: "The Cost of Maintaining
Thermal Protection Systems", by Frank E.
Jones, NASA Kennedy Space Center.
DATA: The Rand Study -"Report of the
Space Shuttle Competitive Sourcing Task
Force" was released December 2002. Updated
cost data on the Shuttle program
is detailed in the reports.
DATA: A Review of Space Shuttle Data, Shuttle Orbiter Line
Replaceable Units (LRUs) Replaced per Flight
During Orbiter Processing Facility (OPF)
DATA: Shuttle Resources and Effort - 6/17/99 - Data on the Space Shuttle's labor Intensiveness by
DATA: Shuttle Spares
Consumption, RLV and Certification.
Shuttle Orbiter Thermal Protection System
Processing Assessment Final Report", May
1995, Prepared by: Michael P. Gordon, TPS Orbiter
Engineering, Materials & Processes, Rockwell
Florida Operations D/830.
longer available on the web. For copies of this
report, available for governmental purposes only,
contact: Edgar Zapata, NASA Kennedy Space Center.
Contact: Edgar Zapata, NASA Kennedy Space Center