STS-34 (31)

Atlantis (5)
Pad 39-B (12)
31st Shuttle mission
5th Flight OV-104


Donald E. Williams (2), Commander
Michael J. McCulley (1), Pilot
Franklin R. Chang-Diaz (2), Mission Specialist 1
Shannon W. Lucid (2), Mission Specialist 2
Ellen S. Baker (1), Mission Specialist 3


OPF - May 16, 1989
VAB - Aug. 21, 1989
PAD - Aug. 29, 1989



Mission Objectives:

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October 18, 1989, 12:53:40 p.m. EDT. Launch set for Oct. 12 rescheduled due to faulty main engine controller on number two main engine. Launch set for Oct. 17 rescheduled due to weather constraints for a return-to-launch-site landing at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility. Launch Weight: 257,569 lbs.


Altitude: 185nm
Inclination: 34.3 degrees
Orbits: 79
Duration: 4 days, 23 hours, 39 minutes, 20 seconds.
Distance: 2,000,000 miles (approx)


SRB: BI-032
SRM: 360L006
ET : 27/LWT-20
MLP : 1
SSME-1: SN-2027
SSME-2: SN-2030
SSME-3: SN-2029


October 23, 1989, 9:33:00 a.m. PDT, Runway 23, Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. Rollout distance: 9,677 feet. Rollout time: 60 seconds. Orbiter returned to KSC Oct. 29, 1989. Landing Weight: 195,954 lbs.

Mission Highlights:

Primary payload, Galileo/Jupiter spacecraft and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), deployed six hours, 30 minutes into flight. IUS stages fired, placing Galileo on trajectory for six-year trip to Jupiter via gravitational boosts from Venus and Earth and possible observational brushes with asteroids Gaspra and Ida. Secondary payloads included Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) experiment carried in cargo bay, and in crew cabin, Growth Hormone Crystal Distribution (GHCD); Polymer Morphology (PM), Sensor Technology Experiment (STEX); Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE); IMAX camera; Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiment that investigated ice crystal formation in zero gravity; and ground-based Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) experiment

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Last Updated Friday June 29 11:21:02 EDT 2001
Jim Dumoulin (